Utilities Natural Gas South Africa Market Overview
The market for natural gas in South Africa is driven by market trends such as increasing gas imports, upcoming domestic supply, and government actions to tap shale gas resources. The entire domestic production is supplied by PetroSA's GTL (Gas-to-oil) refinery in Mossel Bay. The domestic demand of natural gas in South Africa is solely met by imports of 120 bcm in 2016 from Mozambique via the 850 km pipeline operated by Sasol Gas. Around 75 percent of the natural gas consumed in South Africa is attributed to transformation by Sasol that transforms natural gas into synthetic gas, and through PetroSA, which produces the liquids from natural gas at its GTL plant.
The electricity sector is the second biggest consumer of natural gas in South Africa, where natural gas contributes to nearly 2 percent of the total electricity in the country. The report also provides an overview of industry structures and outlook of the natural gas proved reserves, along with key regulations and policies that affect the natural gas market. It also provides Porter's five forces analysis on factors such as supplier power, buyer power, barriers to new entrants, the intensity of rivalry, and the threat of substitutes.
Beroe gathers intelligence through primary sources that include industry experts, researchers, and consultants, as well as current suppliers, producers and distributors. Secondary sources can include business journals, newsletters, magazines, market research data, company sources, and industry associations. Following data collation, analysis, and strategic review, the Final Research Report is published on Beroe LiVE.
Utilities Natural Gas South Africa Market Trends
Category Intelligence on Utilities Natural Gas South Africa covers the following
- Information relating to market, supply, cost, and pricing analysis
- Hard to find data on cost and TCO models, supplier details, and performance benchmarks
- Macroeconomic and regional trends impacting cost, supply, and other market dynamics
- Category-specific negotiation and sourcing advice
Industry Outlook & Drivers
Regional Market Outlook on Natural Gas
- South Africa`s domestic natural gas production is at 2.65 billion cubic metres in 2016 (41 percent of domestic supply) from its offshore infrastructure by PetroSA. The entire domestic production is supplied to PetroSA`s GTL (Gas-to-oil) refinery in Mossel Bay
- The domestic demand of natural gas in South Africa is solely met by imports from Mozambique via the 860 km pipeline operated by Sasol Gas
- Recently, SASOL invested $2.4 million to construct a gas processing unit in Mozambique, and the project is expected to be completed by 2019
- With a view to diversify primary fuel consumption from coal (that accounted for 68 percent in 2015) and tackle the power shortage situation, natural gas demand is expected to increase by 2.8 percent CAGR (for 2014–18)
- Around 75 percent of the natural gas consumed in South Africa is attributed to transformation by Sasol (that transforms the natural gas to synthetic gas) and PetroSA (which produces the liquids from natural gas at its GTL plant)
- The second biggest consumer of natural gas in South Africa is the electricity sector (where natural gas contributes to ~2 percent of the total electricity in South Africa)
- In 2017, South Africa produced about 40Bcf of dry natural gas and consumption was at 158 Bcf. The difference of 118 Bcf was imported from Mozambique pipeline . South Africa has a very limited natural gas reserves but potentially large shale gas resources when explored will lead to surplus region
Natural Gas Proved Reserves
- South Africa`s proven natural gas reserves stood at 27 billion cubic feet in 2015 and majority of the reserves are attributed (55 percent) to the explorations and discovery in Ibhubesi gas field (Orange Basin). Sunbird Energy is expected to supply natural gas to ESKOM from 2018 at 0.3 billion cubic meter/year for 15 years
- According to EIA estimates, South Africa holds 11.04 Trillion cubic meters of technically recoverable shale gas resources in the Karoo desert basin.
- However, due to various technical, environmental restrictions coupled with lack of demand and market maturity, achieving the shale gas potential (Global rank - 8th) is quite challenging and hence has received any impetus so far
- Since supply is the biggest concern for South Africa natural gas market, the supplier power is high.
- Also, due to low number of suppliers in the domestic market, the bargaining power of suppliers is high.
- However, the regulated price structure in the market, weakens the supplier`s bargaining power.
- Since, the South Africa natural gas market is dominated by one supplier –Sasol, which also meets 80% of industrial demand, the intensity of rivalry is low.
- Also, due to regulatory challenges, in the form of fixed service areas, the market competition is low.
- Due to the complete domination of Sasol in the domestic natural gas supply market, the buyer`s bargaining power is low.
- Also as the suppliers market are geographically assigned by the regulator, choice of suppliers is low.
- Due to the low available supply and weak infrastructure, buyers further find it further challenging to switch to natural gas.
- Due to a lack of market based mechanism for wholesale gas pricing, the maximum natural gas price south africa is calculated by the regulator (when suppliers apply for a price increase) and it is based upon the price of coal, diesel, electricity, heavy fuel oil & Liquified petroleum gas.
- Transmission charges are also based on the transmission zones. The consumer located near Johannesburg will have transmission charges as compared to a consumer in Durban.
- The components of the distribution charges are network access charge, network demand chargeand urban low voltage subsidy charge.
South Africa Natural Gas Price Analysis
Industry Wide Procurement Practices
Natural gas is predominantly sold under bilateral contracts with 3 popular models - take or pay, firm and interruptible contracts. Industrial users usually prefer Take or Pay contracts as it involves higher cost savings and lower risk (in terms of supply security).
Take or Pay (TOP) Contracts
- Under this agreement buyer agrees to take a minimum quantity of gas at a price that is decided in the agreement. If the buyer does not take the minimum quantity, then the buyer is liable to pay for that minimum quantity at the contract price or specific price agreed in case of default
- This contract provides buyer with a right to receive a make up quantity in later years, only when the buyer has taken TOP quantity for that year. Industrial users usually opt for TOP (minimum take of 90-95 percent) contracts because higher the minimum percentage lesser the contract price
Firm Gas Contracts
- Under this contract either party may interrupt its performance without liability only to the extent that such performance is caused by an event of Force Majeure
- Party invoking Force Majeure is held responsible for any imbalance charges related to the interruption after the nomination is made to transporter and until the change in deliveries and receipts is confirmed by transporter
- In this contract, concerned parties anticipate no interruptions and are legally obligated to either receive or deliver the amount of gas contracted. These contracts are specially very beneficial in high demand season, when there are chances of supply disruption
Interruptible Gas Contracts
- Under this contract either party may interrupt its performance at any time for any reason, whether or not caused by an event of Force Majeure, with no liability, except the interrupting party will be held responsible for any imbalance charges as decided in the agreement
- Under this agreement, two parties involved anticipate and permit interruption on short notice, generally in high demand seasons. Usually interruptible contract price is lower than firm gas contracts
Why Should You Buy This Report
- Information about the South Africa natural gas market value chain analysis, market trends, key regulations and policies affecting the market etc.
- Porter’s five force analysis of the South Africa natural gas market.
- Cost break up, pricing mechanism, price drivers and trends and forecast of natural gas price south africa.
- Best procurement practices, contract models, etc.