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Barry Callebaut Belgium Plant suspends production after contaminationJune 30, 2022
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Carbon Dioxide Industry Benchmarks
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Carbon Dioxide market report transcript
Carbon Dioxide Global Market Outlook
The global merchant CO2 market is worth 26.4 MMT in 2021. The market estimate considers CO2 sold to end users and not used on captive model for self use. The CO2 market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 4–5 percent in the next three years
North America is the largest market with approximately 38 percent of the global market share. APAC is the second largest market with close to 36 percent of the market share. The APAC market is likely to register the highest growth in the coming years
Impact of COVID-19 on Carbon Dioxide Industry
The CO2 market has been witnessing high demand of dry ice, due to its application in vaccine storage and transportation in the US. An increase in COVID cases can drive the demand of CO2 and further constrain the supply in the local markets.
Since the start of COVID, the CO2 market has become more tight with narrow capacity surplus in the US
Porter’s Five Forces Analysis on Carbon Dioxide Industry
The bulk and cylinder CO2 market, which mainly serves the industrial grade, food grade, and medical grade CO2 is dominated by a few players globally. CO2 supply in a country is dependent on a top few suppliers, which keeps the competition low to medium. The buyer power is typically low, as the market is consolidated, and purified CO2 market is dependent on by-product raw CO2 from other industries.
Raw CO2 gas is the major raw material for purified CO2. Raw CO2 is produced as a by-product of production processes of ethanol, ethylene oxide, ammonia, etc.
There are several players who emits CO2, however, all sources are not economically viable. The by-product nature of raw CO2 gas results in supply disruptions seasonally
Shutdown of ethanol plants, or ammonia plants can create shortages in the market sometimes. This makes the supplier power medium
Barriers to New Entrants
CO2 purification process from raw CO2 to industrial grade, medical grade, food grade, etc., are capital intensive.
New entrants should also be mindful of the location of raw CO2 gas production, which need to be near to the customer market
These factors make the barrier to entry medium to high
Intensity of Rivalry
Intensity of rivalry in the onsite market is low, as the market is controlled by a few companies. The bulk CO2 market, which caters to large to medium users is characterized by low level of rivalry
The cylinder gas market is supplied by manufactures and local distributors. Intensity of rivalry for small-scale users is medium, however, for large users, it is low. Overall, the intensity of rivalry among suppliers for industrial users is low to medium
Threat of Substitutes
There are not many substitutes for CO2 in most application. Food-grade nitrogen can be substitute for CO2 in food and beverage applications
Some of the nitrogen uses are in filling beer racking tanks, pressure filling in soft drinks, modified atmosphere packaging, etc. Nitrogenating beverages is an alternative to carbonation
Although nitrogen can be a substitute in some application, CO2 cannot be replaced in most end-use industries, thus making threat of substitutes low to medium
Buyer power is low for the consumers of merchant CO2, which includes bulk and cylinder CO2 markets
Industries, such as urea production, have captive CO2 plant, hence, they do not depend on external suppliers
It is not feasible for small to medium-scale customers in the food and beverage, welding, waste treatment, etc., to backward integrate CO2 production. Presence of a few dominant players and by-product nature of raw gas CO2 also keep buyer power low