The report covers in detail the market supply demand dynamics, supplier landscape, pricing analysis and procurement best practices across the industries for Global Fuel Oil Market
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Fuel Oil market frequently asked questions
By 2020, it is expected that the fuel oil market will decline at a CAGR of 4.08 percent. According to the oil market data, new policies and regulations have emerged owing to the health and environmental concerns caused by the high sulfur content of residual fuel oil. This has resulted in significantly low expectations for the future of residual fuel use at the global level.
Looking at the oil market trends and forecasts, the market share of the petrochemicals sector is likely to increase from the current 13 percent to 15 percent by 2040.
The fuel oil global market is dominated by top global service providers like BP, Shell, ExxonMobil, Rosneft and Total.
The IMO regulations will encourage consumers to switch from fuel oil to diesel. With the reduction in the use of residual fuel for power generation and space heating, the global demand for fuel oil will also subside. According to the global oil demand forecast, the shift from fuel oil-based heating in ships by 2020 will result in an excess of heavy fuel oil, which will be available at a hefty discount.
While the demand for fuel oil is expected to decrease, Saudi Arabia has been among the few countries that have increased their fuel oil intake realizing that it is uneconomical to use their own crude oil for power. The global standards for oil use and stringent environmental policies are resulting in significant supply and demand risks in the global market. Despite the lower demands of fuel oil globally, new refining capacity is concentrated in locations in APAC where demand seems to be growing.
Fuel Oil market report transcript
Fuel Oil Global Market Outlook
- The global fuel oil supply stands at 5.129 Mbpd
- The global fuel oil demand stands at 3.571Mbpd
- Demand is expected to drop at a CAGR of 6.30 percent from 2016 to 2020
Fuel Oil Demand Market Outlook
- IMO regulations will have the effect on prompting the switch among users from fuel oil to diesel
- The electricity sector is moving away from fuel oil, and this is expected to lessen the demand of fuel oil
- Large reductions in residual fuel oil demand are likely to occur from the decreased use of fuel oil for power generation and space heating
- The shift from fuel oil-based heating in ships by 2020 is estimated to leave a vast amount of excess heavy fuel oil, which will be available, most likely at a hefty discount
Global Market Size - Fuel Oil
- The supply market size is expected to decline at a CAGR of 4.77 percent by 2020
- Fuel oil is the only petroleum product, whose demand is expected to fall in the long term
- Health and environmental concerns related to the high sulfur content of residual fuel oil have led to new policies and regulations that have significantly lowered expectations for future residual fuel oil use globally
Global Capacity–Demand Analysis
- The demand for HFO is forecast to decline over the next two years because of the trend toward greater use of natural gas for power generation
- Regulations toward the use of cleaner fuels in the shipping industry will also bring down the demand for HFO
- Refinery output for fuel oil is expected to decrease 4.08 percent between 2018 and 2020
- Large reductions in residual fuel oil demand will likely come from decreased use of fuel oil for power generation and space heating
- In the power sector, the cost of pollution controls, maintenance, and RFO heating often offset the lower cost of fuel oil when compared to natural gas and other more expensive fuels. Consequently, power sector demand for RFO, especially in industrialized countries, is expected to decrease.
- Saudi Arabia has been one of the few countries that has increased its fuel oil intake, largely because they have realized how uneconomical it is to use their own crude oil for power use
- New refining capacity is concentrated in locations where demand is growing, notably APAC.
- The supply is estimated to decrease due to the lower demand for fuel oil. This is caused mainly due to the stringent environmental policies that are being followed globally.
- The IMO has set a 0.50% limit (maximum) of the sulphur content in respect of all fuel oils used by any type of combustion machinery outside the Emission Control Areas from 1 st of January 2020, down from 3.50% m/m currently.
Global Demand by Application
- Demand for light products and middle distillate is expected to grow, while residual fuel is set to see a decline in usage.
- Bunker gas oil and low-sulfur fuel oil to replace high-sulfur fuel oil, due to IMO specifications for sulfur content.
- IMO regulations call for global standards for sulfur content in marine fuel to be tightened to 0.5% from 3.5%.
Downstream Demand Outlook
- IMO regulations will have the effect of prompting a switch among users from fuel oil to cleaner fuel.
- Share of the petrochemicals sector is forecast to increase from 13% in 2017 to 15% in 2040.
- Residual fuel, as an energy source, is expected to lose weight, as it is expected to be replaced by natural gas as an alternative source of energy.
- The electricity sector moving away from fuel oil is expected to add downward pressure on the use of fuel oil.
- From January 2020, the limit for sulfur in fuel oil used on board ships operating outside designated emission control areas was reduced to 0.50% m/m.
- The shift from fuel oil-based heating in ships by 2020 is estimated to leave a vast amount of excess heavy fuel oil, which will be available, most likely at a hefty discount.
Cost Structure Analysis
- Product costs include raw material cost, which is crude oil.
- The product costs also include refining costs that can be broken into equipment, maintenance, and labor costs.
- Overhead costs include marketing cost, utility cost, and employee cost.
- Other costs are taxes and regulatory compliance costs.
- Distribution costs include transportation and inventory carrying costs.
- Transportation costs are subject to increase with an increase in distance.
- Inventory costs keep increasing until the goods are sold.
- A slower economy in China, weak global demand for crude, and volatile decisions by OPEC overproduction cuts are expected to reduce crude prices.
Why You Should Buy This Report
The report on the fuel oil market provides an extensive analysis of the key price drivers, supply-demand trends and trade dynamics of global manufacturers in North America, Europe, APAC, LATAM, Africa and the Middle East. It further discusses Porter's Five Forces Analysis and presents a fuel oil price forecast trends analysis in the pre-set regions. The report includes an in-depth study of the fuel oil companies such as ExxonMobil, Royal Dutch Shell, and British Petroleum along with their SWOT analysis.
Beroe gathers intelligence through primary sources that include industry experts, researchers, and consultants, as well as current suppliers, producers and distributors. Secondary sources include business journals, newsletters, magazines, market research data, company sources, and industry associations. Following data collation, analysis, and strategic review, the Final Research Report is published on Beroe LiVE.