Ocean Freight Services Market Intelligence


With this purchase you will be subscribed for a 12-month PRO membership to the upcoming all new Beroe LiVE (launching in Q3, 2020)


 No Additional Benefits

Subscription Benefits:

  • PRO access to New Beroe LiVE*
  • Unlimited updates on the Report*
  • Supplier Watchlist for 3 suppliers*
  • Supplier Shortlisting Tool*

With this purchase you will be subscribed for a 12-month PRO membership to the upcoming all new Beroe LiVE (launching in Q3, 2020)


*These features will be unlocked on the new Beroe LiVE when it launches (Q3, 2020)

Are you looking for answers on Ocean Freight Services category?

Are you looking for answers on Ocean Freight Services category?

  • What are the key trends in Ocean Freight Services category?
  • Am I paying the right price?
  • Am I working with the right supplier?
  • What are the major challenges and risks in Ocean Freight Services industry?
  • How is Ocean Freight Services industry performing?

Over 50,000+ users trust Beroe

Report Coverage

  • Global Capacity–Demand Analysis
  • Global Trade Dynamics
  • Regional Market Snapshot-North America, Europe, Asia
  • Cost Structure Analysis

Table of contents

  1. Ocean Freight Executive Summary
  2. Executive Summary (
  3. Executive Summary (
  4. Executive Summary (
  5. Brexit Impact on Ocean Freight Services
  1. Ocean Freight Market Analysis
  2. Global Ocean Freight Market Outlook
  3. Global Ocean Freight Market Maturity
  4. Value Chain Analysis: Container Engagement
  5. Annual Shipping Cycle/Service Cycle: Market Dynamics
  6. Key Challenges Causing Market Shifts or Regulatory Changes
  7. Global Ocean Freight: Demand Supply Scenario
  8. Alternative Fuel Usage: Innovative Trends
  9. Porter’s Five Forces Analysis: Global Markets
  1. Container Shipping Supply Analysis
  2. Service Providers Landscape
  3. Service Providers Reliability Trends
  4. Service Providers Alliance Update
  5. Main Carriers Breakdown of Capacity Operated by Trade
  6. Major Carriers: Trade Capacity Breakdown by Carrier (Far East?Europe and Far East?U.S.)
  7. Positioning of Major Carriers/Suppliers
  8. Supplier Financial and Operational Benchmarking
  9. Supplier Financials
  10. Ocean Freight Forwarding
  1. Ocean Freight Cost and Pricing Analysis
  2. Cost Structure Analysis
  3. Cost Drivers for Liners
  4. Total Cost of Ownership/Costing Mechanism
  5. Impact of Speed and Vessel Size on Operating Cost
  6. Container Rates Benchmarks (�� Container)
  1. Ocean Freight Procurement Best Practices
  2. Buyer Maturity and Savings Framework
  3. Sourcing Model/Engagement Model
  4. Scenario of Engagement with VOCs/NVOCCs
  5. Port Handling Services
  6. Possible Engagements
  7. Savings Opportunities on THCs
  8. Converting LCL Shipments to FCL Shipments
  9. Potential Sourcing Risks and Mitigation Guidance
  10. Ocean Freight Procurement Strategies
  11. Buying Considerations During Shipper
  12. Liner Contracts
  13. Vessel Composition on Trade Routes Buying Considerations
  14. Pricing Components Benchmark
  15. Transatlantic Route
  16. Pricing Components Benchmark
  17. Transpacific Route

Want a more detailed personalised report?

Global Ocean Freight Services Market Analysis and Global Outlook

  • Global ocean freight is dominated by large vessels (depicted in the map), as VOCs have standard service schedules and direct port calls. The size of the vessel deployed is also dependent upon trade volume, draft at ports and handling capacity
  • The Asia Pacific's ocean freight market is dominated by small vessels, as the majority of the shipments are transshipments be tween hub and spoke ports


  • According to freight business intelligence the Bunker fuel and vessel cost constitute nearly 55 percent of total costs.
  • Emerging engagement strategies direct liner sourcing and engaging with port terminals directly.
  • Ocean freight pricing components include Freight cost, THC, customs clearance, and other additional cost.
  •  The top ocean container shipping players are APM‐Maersk | Mediterranean Shipping Co | CMA CGM Group | Cosco Container Liner | Hapag-Lloyd | Evergreen Line | One | Zim | Pil | Yang Ming.

Global Ocean Freight Services Market Outlook

The ocean container transportation market is dominated by the top five liners. They have global presence and are able to offer services across geographies in a seamless manner

Global Player

  • Highly consolidated players with multi-trade lane offerings. The top service providers have a strong global presence
  • There is a focus on containing fuel costs and maximising utilisation rates of the ships

Regional Players

  • Apart from the top 20-odd global players, there are numerous small operators who operate either regional shuttles or feeder vessels catering to a particular region
  • The 3PL, freight forwarders and NVOCCs market slot spaces to smaller and regional shippers

3PL, freight forwarders and NVOCCs

  • 3PL, freight forwarders and NVOCCs obtain slots from the carriers and in turn sell the container spaces to the end shipper
  • Leading firms which function in this space are DHL, Kuehne Nagel, Expeditors, CEVA and DB Schenker
  • They are able to consolidate volume and offer it to the ocean carriers

End Coustomers

  • Direct sales are employed for high-volume buyers globally
  • A majority of the top suppliers have direct presence in all continents
  • While regional carriers target shippers who use predominantly three to five trade lanes

Global Ocean Freight Services Market Maturity

  • Vessels with a capacity of more than 10,000 TEU depend on freight forwarders or 3PLs to fill space in the container to increase utilisation rate, so that cost per TEU will be reduced
  • Approximately 102 million TEU volume of ocean freight handled by direct engagement with the ocean liners
  • Approximately 15 million TEU handled by top 10 global freight forwarders
  • 50–53 million TEU handled by regional or local freight forwarders

Ocean Freight Trend

Impact of Current Liners M&A Activities and Rate Trends

  • The front-heavy delivery schedule for 2018 has place carriers in a tight spot during the slower first quarter, most critically after the Chinese New Year, when the demand will take its usual tumble. Ship utilization will probably take a hit during the lull and wipe out any pre-CNY boost given to freight rates – a potentially damaging scenario for Transpacific contracts
  • However, as the demand has reasserts itself from the second quarter, the balance between supply and demand swing back towards carriers. These factors downgraded the expectations for the average global freight rates (blended spot and contract) in 2018 to 3.8 percent (previously 6.5 percent)
  • Port and trade statistics are all trending up, with the strong momentum for global port throughput that started at the end of 2016 continuing to build through 2017. The strength of the demand recovery witnessed last year was beyond expectations, and subsequently, outlook for the world's port throughput in 2018 is expected to be approximately 4.3 percent
  • Current market scenario indicates that shippers have nothing to fear from consolidation, the industry is heading toward a scenario, whereby a small handful of dominant carriers dictate matters, but there is still healthy competition in most trades for now. Shippers will need to stay watchful for deals that impact their main routes

Market Overview

According to the shipping market analysis, the major cost drivers are Bunker cost, vessel cost, THC, container cost, administrative cost, and currency adjustment factor. The ocean freight procurement strategies can be either ‘Centralized Procurement Strategy’ with a single point of contact and high risk of dependency, or ‘Regional Procurement Strategy’ with multiple points of contact and a low risk of dependency. The automated ocean freight procurement process reduces the freight rates by around 5 percent. The ocean container shipping industry is highly dominated by the top five players, with a market share of approximately 50–60 percent of the container volume being traded across trans-Atlantic and trans-pacific routes. As the container liner market is slowly getting commoditized with a major difference in service and price, the market share of the top players is robust, so, regional operators from the Northern Europe and Intra-Far East are trying to boost their performance to sustain in the container shipping market.

Why You Should Buy This Report

This freight business intelligence report gives insight into the regional and global markets, key challenges and sustainability practices in the container shipping market. It gives the positioning, financials and SWOT analysis of key ocean container shipping players like APM–Maersk and Hapag‐Lloyd. The report does a cost structure analysis and gives the cost drivers and freight rates. It gives insight into the best ocean freight procurement practices like engagement and sourcing models, procurement strategies, etc.

With this purchase you will be subscribed for a 12-month PRO membership to the upcoming all new Beroe LiVE (launching in Q3, 2020)


Complimentary 12-month access to Beroe LiVE

Any more questions?

Get in touch with us quickly and easily.


COVID-19: Assess impact on your suppliers and ensure business continuity with Beroe’s WIRE
(World Instant Risk Exposure)