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Black Pepper market report transcript
Black Pepper Global Market Outlook
- The global black pepper market in 2020 was valued at $4 Billion and is expected to grow at a CAGR of 5 percent between 2020 and 2026. Vietnam and Brazil are the top two producers and major export destinations for black pepper
Impact of COVID-19 on Black Pepper Industry
Prices of black pepper has traded high, due to rising demand from major import markets, like the US, Europe, and India. Demand for black pepper has also increased from end-use industries, like pharmaceuticals and food & beverages. Prices are expected to follow a mixed trend, due to the volatility of the Vietnam pepper market.
Although major supply countries, Vietnam and Brazil, have relaxed restrictions, supply disruptions can be expected, as the shortage for shipping containers continue to remain as a major concern in most countries.
Major suppliers in the Asian countries are facing challenges, owing to labor shortage. However, most suppliers are focusing on restoring their supply chain activities, thus, supply can be expected to revive starting from Q4 2021 onward.
Most FMCG companies are working on their supply chains to restrict shortage of supplies. Relaxation of lockdown and easing of supply chains, supplies are expected to be moderate.
Global Black Pepper Supply–Demand Analysis
The global production of pepper is forecasted to increase by 3.5 percent in 2021/2022 compared to the previous year, owing to favorable weather conditions.
Industrial demand from the pharmaceutical and personal care industries is estimated to surge, due to medicinal properties and flavor of black pepper.
Globally, black pepper is mainly used in the food, personal care, and pharmaceutical industry, owing to health benefits. Asian countries, like China, India, Sri Lanka, and others, together, consume around 65 percent of the global black pepper consumption.
The world’s production and export of pepper are forecasted to rise by 3.5 percent and 2 percent, respectively, in 2021–2022, with major production in Vietnam and Brazil
Global black pepper imports have decreased by 7 percent in 2020/2021 compared to the previous year. Exports are also estimated to increase in 2021/2022, due to rising demand for pepper from various industries
About 63 percent of the global production is used for enhancing taste and flavor in dishes at home, thus, boosting product demand in the residential segment. About 15 percent is used in retail and 11 percent in personal care industry for perfumes, oils, etc.
The pharmaceutical sector takes about 11 percent of the total global production, due to its increased medicinal properties
China, Sri Lanka, and India, together, consume 50 percent of the total global black pepper produced
North America, Latin America, and Europe, together, consume about 30 percent of the global black pepper produced
Most of the imports by various countries are used for the food and personal care industries.
Procurement Centric Five Forces Analysis on Black Pepper
The suppliers have better negotiation power, as they are fragmented players and volumes could be at risk. The intensity of rivalry is medium to high in the black pepper industry, as the product differentiation is less.
As the demand for black pepper is high due to rising health benefits, suppliers have a higher negotiation power than buyers
Supply is based on favorable weather conditions for harvest and capacity of processing facilities
The suppliers are fragmented and volume is small from each buyer
Barriers to New Entrants
- Black pepper processing facilities require capital, equipment, and labor. Hence, the barriers to new entrants are medium to high
Intensity of Rivalry
Black pepper is majorly used in the food and beverage industries. The supply of black pepper depends on the yield related to harvest in favorable weather conditions
The rivalry in the black pepper industry is medium to high, as there are alternate substitutes available
Threat of Substitutes
Black pepper can be easily substituted by white/pink peppercorns, chili powder, papaya seeds, all spice, cayenne pepper based on the recipe, as these are the closest to the flavor of black pepper
However, health benefits and aromatic properties provided by black pepper cannot be matched by its substitutes
The buyers of black pepper are the food & beverage companies, pharmaceutical and personal care industries
Buyers do not influence the prices as much as the suppliers, due to prices being driven by seasonal and fundamental factors